Coenzymes are intermediates in metabolism with a primary biological purpose of transferring chemical groups between molecules. Coenzymes act as the substrate for the enzymes that produce it. They are created in the body 24/7, consumed in metabolic reactions and then recycled.
An example of a major coenzyme in the body is ATP, which stands for adenosine triphosphate. It’s important for your body to create and have enough energy during the day. ATP is an energy packed molecule that acts almost like a battery storehouse, transferring batteries (and energy) from one chemical reaction to another.
Metabolism is a balance between two types of biochemical reactions – anabolic (building) and catabolic (breaking down). ATP gets shuffled between the two, getting used up and then generated.
Many vitamins are coenzymes after they are changed into a form that can transfer chemical groups between molecules. They act as coenzymes in thousands of reactions in the body.
Without all these coenzymes, enzymes would be slowed down in their influence on reactions. Enzymes depend on having the coenzymes at the site of the reactions in the body, which depends on the vitamins and minerals. You need both to be healthy.
It’s the pancreas that produces many of the enzymes for the entire body. In metabolism, enzymes detoxify the body. For example, one of the major enzymes is glutathione reductase. You can always tell a substance is an enzyme because its name ends in –ase.
Digestive enzymes break down the food you eat in your meals.
However, as we age, some experts believe that our ability to manufacture digestive enzymes slows down. This is a major reason for people to take digestive enzymes. The benefits would be feeling better after meals because their body extracted the energy and nutrients out of the food they ate. They would also have less gas, bloating and indigestion, as these result from food that is indigested.
Taking digestive enzymes is a common practice of those who are looking for ways to improve their health. The old saying, “You are what you eat” means that you are the result of what your body digests and assimilates. The greater you can assist your body in some of its normal functions, often the better you will feel.